Docker Compose Advanced Use Cases¶
This section describes some of the more advanced use cases for the Docker Compose development workflow.
The Invoke tasks have some default configuration which you may want to override. Configuration properties include:
project_name: The name that all Docker containers will be grouped together under (default:
nautobot, resulting in containers named
python_ver: the Python version which is used to build the Docker container (default:
local: run the commands in the local environment vs the Docker container (default:
compose_dir: the full path to the directory containing the Docker Compose YAML files (default:
"<nautobot source directory>/development")
compose_files: the Docker Compose YAML file(s) to use (default:
["docker-compose.yml", "docker-compose.postgres.yml", "docker-compose.dev.yml"])
docker_image_names_develop: Used when building Docker images for publication; you shouldn't generally need to change these.
These setting may be overridden several different ways (from highest to lowest precedence):
- Command line argument on the individual commands (see
invoke $command --help) if available
- Using environment variables such as
INVOKE_NAUTOBOT_PYTHON_VER; the variables are prefixed with
INVOKE_NAUTOBOT_and must be uppercase; note that Invoke does not presently support environment variable overriding of list properties such as
- Using an
Working with Docker Compose¶
The files related to the Docker development environment can be found inside of the
development directory at the root of the project.
In this directory you'll find the following core files:
docker-compose.yml- Docker service containers and their relationships to the Nautobot container
docker-compose.build.yml- Docker compose override file used to start/build the production docker images for local testing.
docker-compose.debug.yml- Docker compose override file used to start the Nautobot container for use with Visual Studio Code's dev container integration.
docker-compose.dev.yml- Docker compose override file used to mount the Nautobot source code inside the container at
nautobot_config.pyfrom the same directory as
/opt/nautobot/nautobot_config.pyfor the active configuration.
docker-compose.mysql.yml- Docker compose override file used to add a MySQL container as the database backend for Nautobot.
docker-compose.postgres.yml- Docker compose override file used to add a Postgres container as the database backend for Nautobot.
dev.env- Environment variables used to setup the container services
nautobot_config.py- Nautobot configuration file
In addition to the
development directory, additional non-development-specific Docker-related files are located in the
docker directory at the root of the project.
docker directory you will find the following files:
Dockerfile- Docker container definition for Nautobot containers
docker-entrypoint.sh- Commands and operations ran once Nautobot container is started including database migrations and optionally creating a superuser
uwsgi.ini- The uWSGI ini file used in the production docker container
If you require changing any of the defaults found in
docker-compose.yml, create a file inside the
development directory called
docker-compose.override.yml and add this file to the
compose_files setting in your
invoke.yml file, for example:
--- nautobot: compose_files: - "docker-compose.yml" - "docker-compose.postgres.yml" - "docker-compose.dev.yml" - "docker-compose.override.yml"
This file will override any configuration in the main
docker-compose.yml file, without making changes to the repository.
Please see the official documentation on extending Docker Compose for more information.
Automatically Creating a Superuser¶
There may be times where you want to bootstrap Nautobot with a superuser account and API token already created for quick access or for running within a CI/CD pipeline. By using a custom
invoke.yml as described above, in combination with custom
override.env files, you can automatically bootstrap Nautobot with a user and token.
invoke.yml as described above, then create
development/docker-compose.override.yml with the following contents:
--- services: nautobot: env_file: - "override.env"
docker-entrypoint.sh script will run any migrations and then look for specific variables set to create the superuser. The
docker-entrypoint.sh script is copied in during the Docker image build and will read from the default
dev.env as the
env_file until you override it as seen above.
Any variables defined in this file will override the defaults. The
override.env should be located in the
development/ directory, and should look like the following:
# Superuser information. NAUTOBOT_CREATE_SUPERUSER defaults to false. NAUTOBOT_CREATE_SUPERUSER=true NAUTOBOT_SUPERUSER_NAME=admin NAUTOBOT_SUPERUSER_EMAILfirstname.lastname@example.org NAUTOBOT_SUPERUSER_PASSWORD=admin NAUTOBOT_SUPERUSER_API_TOKEN=0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef01234567
The variables defined above within
override.env will signal the
docker-entrypoint.sh script to create the superuser with the specified username, email, password, and API token.
After these two files are created, you can use the
invoke tasks to manage the development containers.
Using MySQL instead of PostgreSQL¶
By default the Docker development environment is configured to use a PostgreSQL container as the database backend. For development or testing purposes, you might optionally choose to use MySQL instead. In order to do so, you need to make the following changes to your environment:
- Set up
invoke.ymlas described above and use it to override the postgres docker-compose file:
--- nautobot: compose_files: - "docker-compose.yml" - "docker-compose.mysql.yml" - "docker-compose.dev.yml"
invoke stop (if you previously had the docker environment running with Postgres) and
invoke start and you should now be running with MySQL.
Microsoft Visual Studio Code Integration¶
For users of Microsoft Visual Studio Code, several files are included to ease development and integrate with the VS Code Remote - Containers extension. The following related files are found relative to the root of the project:
.devcontainers/devcontainer.json- Dev. container definition
nautobot.code-workspace- VS Code workspace configuration for Nautobot
development/docker-compose.debug.yml- Docker Compose file with debug configuration for VS Code
After opening the project directory in VS Code in a supported environment, you will be prompted by VS Code to Reopen in Container and Open Workspace. Select Reopen in Container to build and start the development containers. Once your window is connected to the container, you can open the workspace which enables support for Run/Debug.
To start Nautobot, select Run Without Debugging or Start Debugging from the Run menu. Once Nautobot has started, you will be prompted to open a browser to connect to Nautobot.
You can run tests with
nautobot-server --config=nautobot/core/tests/nautobot_config.py test nautobot while inside the Container.
Special Workflow for Containers on Remote Servers¶
A slightly different workflow is needed when your development container is running on a remotely-connected server (such as with SSH). VS Code will not offer the Reopen in Container option on a remote server.
To work with remote containers, after
invoke build use
docker-compose as follows to start the containers. This prevents the HTTP service from automatically starting inside the container:
$ cd development $ docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml -f docker-compose.debug.yml up
- Now open the VS Code Docker extension. In the
CONTAINERS/developmentsection, right click on a running container and select the Attach Visual Studio Code menu item.
- The Select the container to attach VS Code input field provides a list of running containers.
- Click on
development_nautobot_1to use VS Code inside the container. The
devcontainerwill startup now.
- As a last step open the folder
/opt/nautobotin VS Code.